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Pneumonia in Children – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

By Santa J. Bartholomew M.D. FAAP, FCCM

Pneumonia is a form of lung inflammation that can cause serious respiratory illness, and can be especially life-threatening  in children. Symptoms of pneumonia range from mild to severe, and the condition can be fatal in some cases. Early diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia is essential for easy recovery. In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of pneumonia in children. 

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Pneumonia

The main symptoms of pneumonia in children include: 

  • Coughing up mucus 
  • Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing 
  • Chest pain when coughing or breathing
  • Fatigue or exercise intolerance 
  • Fever, excessive sweating, or chills
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • Bluish tint to lips or nails

How to Treat Pneumonia in Children

Treatment for pneumonia in children usually involves antibiotics and rest. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary. With early diagnosis and treatment, most children recover from pneumonia without any complications. 

Pneumonia Prevention

To prevent pneumonia in children, it is important to practice good hygiene habits such as washing hands frequently and avoiding close contact with people who are sick. It is also important to make sure your child is up-to-date on their vaccinations, as some types of pneumonia can be prevented with vaccination. If your child is showing signs or symptoms of pneumonia, it is important to call a doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a child’s recovery from pneumonia.  

Final Thoughts on Pneumonia in Children

Pneumonia is a serious respiratory illness that can cause severe symptoms in children. Early diagnosis is paramount.